Joan Miró

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Spanish painter, sculptor, engraver, and ceramist born in Barcelona in 1893.

He studied commerce and worked for two years as a clerk in a drugstore until an illness forced him to retire for a long period in a family home in the small town of Mont-Roig del Camp. Back in Barcelona, ​​he entered the Art Academy directed by Francisco Galí, where he learned about the latest European artistic trends.

Until 1919, his painting was dominated by formal Expressionism with Fauvist and Cubist influences, focusing on landscapes, portraits, and nudes. That same year he traveled to Paris and met Picasso, Jacob, and some members of the Dada movement, such as Tristan Tzara. He alternated new stays in the French capital with summers in Mont-Roig and his painting began to evolve towards a greater definition of the form, now chiseled by a strong light that eliminates contrasts.

On the subject, the first glimpses of a language between dreamlike and phantasmagoric standout, very personal although with popular roots, which would mark his entire subsequent career.